Date: English painter, illustrator, and sculptor, 1839–1927
Biography: English historical genre and landscape painter, stained glass designer, illustrator and sculptor. Holiday was born in London. He showed an early aptitude for art and was given lessons by William Cave Thomas. He attended Leigh's art academy and in 1855, at the age of 15, was admitted to the Royal Academy. Through his friendship with Albert Moore and Simeon Solomon he was introduced to the artists Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Edward Burne-Jones and William Morris of the Pre-Raphaelite circle.
In 1861, Holiday accepted the job of stained glass window designer for Powell's Glass Works - following Burne-Jones who had left the firm to work for Morris & Co. During his time there he fulfilled over 300 commissions, mostly for customers in the USA. He left in 1891 to set up his own glass works in Hampstead, producing stained glass, mosaics, enamels and sacerdotal objects.
Holiday worked for architect William Burges for a period, including providing wall and ceiling paintings for Worcester College, Oxford (1863–64) and furniture paintings - including "Sleeping beauty" for the headboard in the bedroom of Burges's home The Tower House.
In October 1864, Holiday married Catherine (Kate) Raven and they moved to Bayswater, London. His wife was a talented embroiderer who worked for Morris & Co. They had one daughter, Winifred.
Holiday had been a socialist throughout his life and, together with his wife Kate and daughter Winifred, supported the Suffragette movement. The family was close acquaintances of Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughter, and had organized local suffragette meetings in the Lake District.
In January 1874, Holiday was commissioned by Lewis Carroll to illustrate The Hunting of the Snark. He remained friends with the author throughout his life.