Biography: Hawthorne was a painter and teacher who founded the Cape Cod School of Art in Provincetown, Massachusetts. Born in Illinois and raised in Maine, at 18 years of age Hawthorne moved to New York City where he studied at the National Academy of Design and the Art Students League. The greatest impact on his work was William Merritt Chase, with whom he studied and for whom he worked as an assistant. He also studied abroad in the Netherlands and Italy. A successful artist and teacher, Hawthorne traveled between Paris, New York, and Provincetown. In 1929–30, Hawthorne gave criticism in the painting classes at the Wilmington Academy of Art (founded by his student Henryette L. Stadelman) in Delaware.