Date: American cartoonist, sculptor, and author, 1883–1970
Biography: Rube Goldberg is primarily known for the invention that bears his name, which is designed to perform simple tasks in convoluted ways, relying on components of the machine to cause a domino effect. Goldberg was also a popular newspaper cartoonist for the San Francisco Chronicle and the New York Evening Mail, an animator of short films, and a producer of multiple cartoon series. He was a founding member of the National Cartoonists Society and won a Pulitzer Prize for his political cartoons in 1948. During the last decade of his life, Goldberg devoted much of his time to sculpture.