Date: French painter, lithographer, and caricaturist, 1852–1931
Biography: French draughtsman-satirist, painter, etcher, and lithographer. Born in Rheims, son of a house-painter. Studied for a year with J. de la Chevreuse and briefly under Gérôme at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He also studied modelling for a year under Carpeaux. He became a friend and disciple of Degas and contributed to four of the last Impressionist exhibitions 1879–1886. From 1887 to 1890 he was a prolific and famous contributor of satirical drawings of Parisian life and later political satire to Le Courrier Français, Le Figaro, and other papers, accompanying the drawings by his own biting captions He had his first one-man exhibition at the Galerie Boussod-Valadon, Paris, 1890. After c.1900 he painted a number of law-court scenes influenced by Daumier in darker tones.