Biography: Modern painter John Caroll was born on the train when his family was relocating from West Virginia to California. He studied engineering at the University of California, before moving to Cincinnati to study art. During World War I he served in the Navy. After the war he settled in Woodstock, New York, which was fast becoming an artists' colony. In 1925 he was awarded a purchase prize from the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts that allowed him study in Europe for one year. Upon his return he taught at the Art Students League of New York and received a Guggenheim Fellowship. Carroll's evocative landscapes and depictions of dreamy women were widely exhibited and collected in the mid-20th century.