Medium: Ink on illustration board
Dimensions: sheet: 21 1/2 × 16 15/16 in. (54.6 × 43 cm)
Credit Line: Gift of Helen Farr Sloan, 1978
About: Frederic Opper's political cartoon was sparked by President Theodore Roosevelt's 1904 expansion of the Monroe Doctrine when he feared that Venezuela's economic crisis might result in an invasion by a European power. Opper combines this theme with several other anti-immigrant ones, including a personification of America enchained by a Roman Catholic bishop. Caricatures of non-American faces and actions surround the elderly man in business attire at the center, who is imagining all these horrors from newspaper reports.
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